Formula Botanica is very proud to be a corporate member of Plantlife International – the UK-based charity that gives wild plants a voice and protects them all around the world through various conservation projects. We’ve been a member since 2014. We believe that using plants in cosmetics is wonderful, but many of those plants also need protecting.
Many of our students and graduates grow skincare plants for use in their cosmetic products. In this blog post we’re excited to welcome the advice from Dr. Trevor Dines, Botanist and Conservationist at Plantlife. Trevor shares his advice on how to grow three wild herbs that are frequently used in organic skincare.
Comfrey is a really easy plant to grow, with its furry, heart-shaped leaves on stems to 1.5 meters and beautiful pinkish-purple flowers that unfurl slowly throughout spring and summer. It’s a superb plant for bees too, which love to take nectar from the tubular flowers.
Comfrey grows quickly and is a very hungry plant, relishing deep, fertile and moist soil. It’s a perfect plant for damp soil next to a pond, but will grow in drier soil as well.
Container-grown plants are best established by planting in early spring or autumn, or plant divisions of rhizomes in autumn, burying them so their tips are an inch below the soil surface. Large clumps can be lifted and divided in spring or autumn. Plants are vigorous and long-lived, and can be difficult to eradicate if you want to move them elsewhere!
Two types are commonly grown, the UK’s native common comfrey (Symphytum officinale) and Russian comfrey (S. x uplandicum) which is a hybrid between common comfrey and rough comfrey (S. asperum).Comfrey is an easy plant to grow and is superb for bees - expert tips by @Love_Plants #skincare Click To Tweet
With the plethora of cultivated rose varieties that are available, dog roses are not often grown in the garden. But they have a charm and simplicity that’s been lost in many hybrids, and can make wonderful additions in the right place.
Loving sun and a well-drained soil, they’re great for including in a wildlife hedgerow, where they can scramble up and over hawthorns and blackthorns. Or plant them at the edge of a shaded woodland where they can reach into the trees.
The best way to grow them is to choose a plant with lots of flower and good colour in a local hedgerow and collect a few hips from that plant in the autumn. Split the hips open, remove the seeds and plant them in soil-based compost to a depth of about 1cm. Leave in a cool place outside over winter and seedlings should germinate in the spring. Pot on and plant out the following autumn.
Alternatively, with the landowners permission, take hard-wood cuttings of your chosen rose in autumn, cutting lengths of stem about 6” long and planting them 5” deep in a shaded trench in the garden. Plants can be moved to their final location the following autumn.
A very popular perennial herb with creeping stems and highly scented feathery leaves. Large, daisy-like flowers appear in summer. Chamomile is a softly beautiful herb which forms a mat of small leaves; the apple-like fragrance released when these are crushed in the hand or underfoot fills the air.
Both leaves and flowers are used, usually as a tincture or tea, as a remedy for several complains such as headaches and insomnia, and the plant has been shown to contain active compounds with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Wild populations of Chamomile have declined considerably and the species is now regarded as vulnerable to extinction. Most of these have been lost through ploughing, drainage and the cessation of grazing.
It’s now mostly found in parts of southern England where it grows in damp, acidic grassland, especially on commons, cricket pitches and pastures where grazing or mowing keeps the sward short and open.
In the garden, chamomile prefers well drained, neutral to acidic soils in a sunny spot and can be grown in pots, herb gardens and open borders. It’s popular grown as a lawn, indeed, the variety ‘Treneague’ selected for this purpose doesn’t flower and stays low. Chamomile can be grown from seed sown in spring or propagated by division in autumn. Grow on borders or rockeries in full sun or partial shade.Wild populations of chamomile are in decline - expert tips by @Love_Plants #skincare Click To Tweet
Do you grow skincare plants? Which ones do you prefer? Tell us your experiences below!
A farmer’s son from Hampshire, Trevor gained his PhD in botany at Bangor University. He the co-authored the New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, organising fieldwork and the collection of over nine million botanical records to map every native and naturalised plant in these islands. In 2002 he established Plantlife Cymru, the charity’s office in Wales, implementing the Back from the Brink programme of species conservation. He is currently Plantlife’s Botanical Specialist, appearing on BBC News, Springwatch and The One Show as well as campaigning for better management of road verges and delivering HRH The Prince of Wales’ vision for a meadow in every county through the Coronation Meadows project. Trevor has also presented Channel 4’s Wild Things and wrote a book A Guide to the Changing Plant Life of the British Isles to accompany the series.
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Lorraine Dallmeier is a Biologist, Environmental Scientist and the Director of Formula Botanica, the award-winning online organic cosmetic science school. Read more about Lorraine and the Formula Botanica Team.